Wednesday, November 22, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 22

1915 Beginning of Battle of Ctesiphon between British and Ottoman forces
1923 PM Sadoun resigned over differences with Shiite leaders and King Faisal
1923 Jafar Pasha al-Askari became 3rd PM of Iraq, would hold office 2 times
1923 Shiites got Finance and Education ministries in Askari govt Shiite leaders gave
            pledge of allegiance to King as a result
1952 Baghdad protests against Regent of Iraq started
2002 France told US that they believed Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger
2002 Russia’s Putin warned U.S. not to unilaterally act against Iraq
2003 US transport plane hit by missile at Baghdad International Airport
2005 Wall St Journal OpEd repeated story that 9/11 hijacker Atta might have met Iraqi
            intel agent in Prague in 2001
2006 Commander of US forces in Iraq Gen Casey told Joint Chiefs troop surge
            would not work

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Cost Of Rebuilding Iraq

Now that the conventional war against the Islamic State is coming to an end the government has to deal with reconstruction. Estimates for rebuilding Anbar, Ninewa and Diyala stand at $60 billion. Half of that is just for Mosul with 70% of the west side destroyed. In Anbar, the deputy governor told Al Mada that 100,000 houses were damaged in the province along with 80% of the hospitals in Ramadi, Fallujah and Qaim and 90% of the bridges were knocked out. Back in the summer, the Planning Ministry thought total reconstruction in the country could stand at $100 billion. The authorities are facing two dilemmas: one where is the money going to come from, and how are they going to use it.

Musings On Iraq In The News

I was quoted in "Clouds form over Kurdistan as experts forecast more fighting with Baghdad" in Al Araby.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 21

1914 British troops entered Basra after Ottomans abandoned city
1926 Jaffar al-Askari became PM of Iraq for 2nd time
1946 PM Umari forced to resign in aftermath of Kirkuk Massacre where oil strikers killed
1946 Nuri al-Said became premier 4th time
1983 Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 4 ended taking a few miles of territory in Kurdistan
1997 UN weapons inspectors returned to Iraq
2001 Bush told Natl Sec Adv Rice he wanted Rumsfeld to start planning for Iraq
2001 Bush told Rumsfeld to update war plans for Iraq Wanted it done secretly
2002 NATO summit Bush was talking about war with Iraq and using new U.N.
            inspections as catalyst for action
2003 UN turned over Oil for Food program to CPA
2003 UK intel report Badr Brigade maintained close ties to Iran that armed and funded it
2004 Iraq Election Commission announced vote for transitional assembly to draft
            constitution would happen 1/30/05 along with provincial vote
2006 Iraq and Syria announce renewal of diplomatic relations which were broken
            during Iran-Iraq War

Monday, November 20, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 20

1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British
            forces set out to take city
1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil
            between France and England
1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM His orders were to organize elections for an
            assembly to write constitution
1963 Tahir Yahya became premier, held office 2 times
1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to
            Iran during Iran-Iraq War
1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq
2001 US Embassy in Niger said that Niger official said no way it could produce
            enough uranium reports claimed Iraq bought from it
2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5
2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s
            WMD when they were warned he was unreliable
2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq 

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Battle Of Mosul Casualties Updated

There were recently two reports released in November 2017, which proved that there were still many unaccounted for casualties from the Mosul campaign. First, the United Nations released a study on the battle that included over 1,000 dead and wounded not reported before. Than the New York Times did an in depth study of Coalition air strikes during the Mosul operation, which found that there were many more incidents of civilian deaths than the Coalition acknowledged, and that it was using a flawed system to assess whether it caused any casualties.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 19

1914 British troops took Ottoman fort at Sahil in the city of Basra
1991 UN report said Iraqi forces used torture and mass killings to put down Shiite uprising after
            Gulf War
1999 UN Res 1275 extended Oil for Food program for Iraq during sanctions
2002 UK Def Min official warned Blair’s office that without proper postwar planning Iraq war
            could fail
2003 Car bomb at Sheikh Suleiman’s home after he made deal with US for police to take over
           security in Ramadi
2004 Assoc of Muslim Scholars announced Sunni boycott of Jan 05 elections claiming results
            would be fake and non-representative
2004 US Gen Smith dep cmdr CENTCOM said insurgents were carrying out effective intimidation
            campaign before Jan 05 elections
2005 Marines killed 24 civilians in revenge for Marine being killed by IED in Haditha
2006 Dep Health Min Saffar kidnapped by policeman Mahdi Army suspected of killing him under
            orders of Dep Health Min Zamili
2008 PUK politburo created committees to discuss its internal divisions

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Rawa, Last Iraqi Territory Liberated From Islamic State

The Iraqi forces freed the last section of Iraqi territory held by the Islamic State. That happened as Rawa in western Anbar was liberated in just a matter of hours. There are still some lawless areas of the country where IS operates in, but Rawa was the last actual city it controlled marking a major turning point.  
(Institute for the Study of War)

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 18

1914 British launched second attack on Ottoman forces in Zain, Basra
1963 Pres Arif removed Baathists from positions in govt including PM Bakr
1963 Pres Arif and brother Gen Arif and army put down Baath National Guard
            militia in Baghdad Mosul and Kirkuk
1968 KDP called on UN to intervene in Iraq during Kurdish revolt
1979 Naji Suwaidi became premier of Iraq
1997 KDP recaptured lost territory from PUK
1997 UN told that dramatic increase in Iraqi oil smuggling through Iran violating
            UN sanctions
1997 Wash Post OpEd by Wolfowitz and Khalilzad called for US to overthrow Saddam
2002 New UN inspectors arrived in Baghdad
2005 House Republicans attacked Democrats for trying to cut and run in Iraq by
            backing withdrawal US policy was withdrawal
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Shiite mosque in Khanaqin Diyala 74 dead
2005 Study 90-96% of insurgency were Iraqis only 4-10% foreign fighters
2006 Pentagon and Joint Chiefs papers on Iraq said US should follow Gen Casey plan to
            withdraw turn things over to Iraqis
2006 Joint Chiefs paper on Iraq said Iraq falling into civil war US strategy not working
2006 US intel report on Iraq said US had no good options in Iraq
2006 VP Cheney’s office memo on Iraq said US should back Shiites and Kurds and
            forget about Sunnis
2008 US signed Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq that set 12/31/11 withdrawal
            date for US forces

Friday, November 17, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 17

1975 France-Iraq agreement to build nuclear facility
1980 Iraq’s Susangard offensive failed after 3 days
1982 Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim announced Supreme Assembly of the Islamic
            Revolution in Iraq formed in Iran
1993 Iran reported 60,000 Iraqi refugees entered country after Saddam drained southern
2001 Wolfowitz wrote Rumsfeld that if any evidence found of Iraq involvement in
            9/11 US should act
2005 Congressman Murtha introduced resolution to withdraw US troops from Iraq
            saying war going badly
2005 Head of central criminal court in Baghdad Samarrie said special Inter Min forces
            didn't need arrest warrants or file court papers to detain people
2006 State Dept memo suggested US should pull back from Iraq and have same
            relationship as all other states
2006 State Dept memo argued against a surge in troops in Iraq to help quell violence
2015 VP Nujafi filed lawsuit to remain in office after Abadi dismissed vice presidents
2015 3 dozen protesters in Baghdad taken away by police Some beaten